The reduction of clauses, together with the fusion of structures, is a source of syntactic problems especially isomorphism and structural ambiguity both in English and Spanish. Raising and Equi-NP Deletion are the processes responsible for them. Raising operates in English more often than in Spanish and under different conditions. The syntactic complication of these phenomena for a non-native speaker and the advantage of a possible reference to similar cases, although more restricted, in Spanish, makes a comparative study of these processes very useful. Ignoring the formal technicalities of Transformational Grammar, this paper analyses, compares and contrasts the conditions of operation of raising in English and Spanish.
Ambigüedad estructural; Elisión; Cambio sintáctico; Categorías sintácticas; Lengua española; Lengua inglesa