Rhoticity in Chinese English: An experimental investigation on the realization of the variant (r) in an Expanding Circle variety
Altmann, Heidi and Barış Kabak (2010): “Second language phonology”. In N. Kula et al., eds., Continuum Companion to Phonology. London: Continuum, 298-319.
Becker, Kara (2009): “/r/ and the construction of place identity on New York City's Lower East Side”. Journal of Sociolinguistics,13(5): 634-658.
Becker, Kara (2014): “(r) we there yet? The change to rhoticity in New York City English”. Language Variation and Change, 26(2): 141-168.
Blevins, Juliette (2006): “New perspectives on English sound patterns: ‘Natural’ and ‘Unnatural’ in Evolutionary Phonology”. Journal of English Linguistics, 34: 6-25.
Bonnici, Lisa Marie (2010): Variation in Maltese English: The Interplay of the Local and the Global in an Emerging Postcolonial Variety. University of California, Davis.
Chand, Vineeta (2010): “Postvocalic (r) in urban Indian English”. English World-Wide, 31(1): 1-39.
Chen, Ping (1999): Modern Chinese: History and Sociolinguistics. Cambridge University Press.
Gimson, Alfred Charles and Alan Cruttenden (1994): Gimson’s Pronunciation of English. 5th edition. London-New York-Sydney-Auckland: Edward Arnold.
De Bot, Kees, Wander Lowie and Marjolijn Verspoor (2007): “A dynamic systems theory approach to second language acquisition”. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 10(1): 7-21.
Deterding, David (2006): “The North Wind versus a Wolf: Short texts for the description and measurement of English pronunciation”. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 36(2): 187-196.
Deterding, David (2007): Singapore English. Edinburgh University Press.
Duanmu, San (2007): The Phonology of Standard Chinese. Oxford University Press.
Eberhardt, Maeve and Corinne Downs (2015): “(r) You Saying Yes to the Dress? Rhoticity on a Bridal Reality Television Show”. Journal of English Linguistics, 43(2): 118-142.
Feagin, Crawford (1990): “The dynamics of a sound change in Southern States English: From R-less to R-ful in three generations”. In Jerold A. Edmonson, Crawford Feagin, and Peter. Mühlhäusler, eds., Development and Diversity: Linguistic Variation across Time and Space Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics/ University of Texas at Arlington, 29-146.
Fowler, Joy (1986): The Social Stratification of (r) in New York City department stores, 24 years after Labov. Unpublished Ms, pp. 268.
Giegerich, Heinz J. (1992): English Phonology: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gut, Ulrike B. (2004): “Nigerian English: Phonology”. In E.W. Schneider et al., eds., A Handbook of Varieties of English. Volume 1: Phonology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 813-830.
Hansen, Jette G. (2001): “Linguistic constraints on the acquisition of English syllable codas by native speakers of Mandarin Chinese”. Applied Linguistics, 22(3): 338-365.
Hartmann, Dieter and Sabine Zerbian (2010): “Rhoticity in Black South African English–a sociolinguistic study”. Southern African Llinguistics and Applied Language Studies, 27(2): 135-148.
Hay, Jennifer and Alhana Clendon (2012): “(Non)-rhoticity: Lessons from New Zealand English”. In T. Nevalainen and E.C. Traugott, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the History of English. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 761-772.
He, Deyuan and David Li (2009): “Language attitudes and linguistic features in the ‘China English’debate”. World Englishes, 28(1): 70-89.
Herdina, Philip and Ulrike Jessner (2002): A Dynamic Model of Multilingualism: Perspectives of Change in Psycholinguistics, vol. 121. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Irwin, Patricia and Naomi Nagy (2007): “Bostonians /r/ speaking: A quantitative look at (R) in Boston”. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 13(2): 135-147.
Johnson, Daniel Ezra (2009): “Getting off the GoldVarb standard: Introducing Rbrul for mixed‐effects variable rule analysis”. Language and Linguistics Compass, 3(1): 359-383.
Kabak, Barış (forthcoming): “A dynamic equational approach to sound patterns: The (un)stability of English dental fricatives illustrated”. In B. Busse and R. Möhlig-Falke, eds., Patterns in Language and Linguistics. Mouton de Gruyter (upcoming).
Kachru, Braj B, ed. (1982): The Other Tongue: English Across Cultures. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Kachru, Braj B. (1985): “Standards, codification and sociolinguistic realism: The English language in the Outer Circle”. In Randolph Quirk and H. G. Widdowson, eds., English in the World: Teaching and Learningh the Language and Literatures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 11-30.
Kang Hyeon-seok (2013): “Internal and external constranits on rhoticity in Korean English”. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 21(2): 1-27.
Labov, William (1966): The Social Stratification of English in New York City, Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.
Labov, William (1972): Sociolinguistic Patterns (No. 4). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Llamzon, Teodoro A. (1997): “The phonology of Philippine English”. In M.L.S. Bautista, ed., English is an Asian Language: The Philippine Context. Sydney: The Macquarie Library, 41-48.
Love, Jessica and Abby Walker (2012): “Football versus football: Effect of topic on /r/ realization in American and English sports fans”. Language and Speech, 56(4): 443-460.
Mahboob, Ahmar and Nandra H. Ahmar (2004): “Pakistani English: Phonology”. A Handbook of Varieties of English: A Multimedia Reference Tool, 1003-1015.
Mather, Patrick-André (2012): “The social stratification of /r/ in New York City: Labov’s department store study revisited”. Journal of English Linguistics, 40(4): 338-356.
Melchers, Gunnel and Philip Shaw (2003): World Englishes. London: Arnold.
Miller, Corey A. (1998): “R-lessness in Philadelphia”. In C.A. Moyer, ed., Sociolinguistics, Language and Society. New Delhi, India: Sage, 79–96.
Moyer, Alene (2013): The Phenomenon of Non-Native Speech. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Nagy, Naomi and Irwin, Patricia (2010): “Boston (r): Neighbo (r) s nea (r) and fa (r)”. Language Variation and Change, 22(2): 241-278.
Piercy, Caroline (2012): “A transatlantic cross-dialectal comparison of non-prevocalic /r/”. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 18(2).
Poedjosoedarmo, Gloria (2000): “A description of the English pronunciation of young educated Singaporeans: A study in multidimensional variation”. The English Language in Singapore: Research on Pronunciation, 65-75.
R Core Team (2016): R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0, URL http://www.R-project.org/
Salbrina, Sharbawi and David Deterding (2010): “Rhoticity in Brunei English”. English World-Wide, 31(2): 121-137.
Schmied, Josef (2006): “East African Englishes”. In Braj B. Kachru, Yamuna Kachru and Cecil L. Nelson, eds., The Handbook of World Englishes. Oxford: Blackwell, 188-202.
Schneider, Edgar W. (2003): “The dynamics of New Englishes: From identity construction to dialect birth". Language,79(2): 233-281.
Schneider, Edgar W. (2007): Postcolonial English: Varieties around the World. Cambridge University Press.
Setter, Jane, Cathy S. P. Wong and Brian H.S. Chan (2010): Hong Kong English. Edinburgh: EUP.
Shim, Rosa Jinyoung (1999): “Codified Korean English: process, characteristics and consequence”. World Englishes, 18(2): 247-258.
Sullivan, Anthea E. (1992): Sound Change in Progress: A Study of Phonological Change and Lexical Diffusion, with Reference to Glottalization and r-loss in the Speech of Some Exeter Schoolchildren, vol. 17. Exeter: University of Exeter Press.
Sundkvist, Peter and Man Gao (2016): “Rhoticity in Yunnan English”. World Englishes, 35(1): 42-59.
Tan, Chor Hiang and Anthea Fraser Gupta (1992): “Post-vocalic /r/ in Singapore English”. York Papers in Linguistics, 16: 139-152.
Tan, Ying Ying (2012): “To r or not to r: Social Correlates of /ɹ/ in Singapore English”. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 218: 1-24.
Thomas, Erik R. (2007): “Phonological and phonetic characteristics of African American vernacular English”. Language and Linguistics Compass, 1(5): 450-475.
Trudgill, Peter and Jean Hannah (1994): International English: A Guide to Varieties of Standard English. London: Arnold.
Villard, Sarah (2009): “Postvocalic /r/ in the Upper Valley of Vermont and New Hampshire”. Paper presented at NWAV 38, Ottawa.
Wells, John C. (1982): Accents of English, vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Copyright (c) 2017 Zeyu Li, Barış Kabak
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.